Monthly retail industry employment figures are based on U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics data and exclude restaurants.

NRF has noted that these numbers present an incomplete picture of the retail workforce because it only includes employees who work in stores, leaving out retail workers in corporate headquarters, distribution centers and innovation labs.

Unions still represent only a small fraction of U.S. workers
Only 6% of private-sector employees in 2022 were members of unions.
Worker with open sign
Join a union, take a pay cut
Members of retail unions have seen pay increases significantly below the industry average.
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Retail workforce
Immigration reform could help solve critical U.S. labor market issues
Potential impacts include rapid economic growth, increased employment and reduced federal deficits.
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